SCIENCE CURRICULUM FOR THE YEAR

Here's an overview of what science topics we will be studying this school year.  Below are the major units of study we will explore in fourth grade.  Each unit has a quick description of what topics we will investigate and the order we will do them in. 

Waves and their Application

In this unit, the students will study the body. It will focus on the muscular system, the ear, and the eye. Students will closely study sound and light waves once studying the parts of the body.

This unit usually happens during the months of October, November, December, and January.

Sound Waves

Unit #1 Muscular System

Athletic Woman With Kettlebells

In this unit, the students will learn about the muscular system and how our body moves.

We will learn about this by exploring.....

  • Muscle fibers

  • Tendons

  • Building a working hand

  • Learning about the different major muscles in the body

  • Cardiac Muscle

UNIT #2 Eye

Brown Eye Closeup

In this unit, the students will learn about the eye and how we see by exploring....

  • The parts of the eye

  • How the brain works with our eyes

  • Building a model eye

  • Dissecting a sheep eye

  • What is light?

  • What are light waves?

  • Reflection, refraction, absorption

  • Transparent, opaque, translucent objects

UNIT #3 Ear

Ear Exam

In this unit, the students will learn about the human ear and how we hear.

We will learn about this by exploring....

  • The different ear parts

  • Sound waves and how they travel

  • Low and high pitch sounds

  • Technology waves (cell phones, etc...)

EARTH SCIENCE

    

In this unit, the students will learn about tectonic plates and how they create many natural disasters.  They will also learn about rocks, erosion, and plants (and their importance to Earth).

This unit usually happens during the months of February and March.

Earth and Space

UNIT #1 Natural Disasters

Hot Lava

In this unit, the students will learn about tectonic plates and their vital role in causing many natural disasters.

We will learn about this by exploring.....

  • tectonic plates

  • natural disasters

  • building our own earthquake resistant tower

  • the types of rocks

  • erosion and weathering

        UNIT #2

        PLANTS

Light Pink Roses Close Up

In this unit, the students will learn about the parts of a flower and how it plays and huge role in helping the Earth.

We will learn about this by exploring....

  • the parts of a flowering plant

  • plant life cycle

  • the role of insects in pollination

  • photosynthesis

  • How all the parts come together  to make the food chain work

PHYSICAL SCIENCE

ENERGY IN MOTION

In this unit, the students will learn about gravity and motion.  They will also learn about different types of energy.

This unit usually happens during the months of April to the end of the year.

Unit #1   Gravity

In this unit, the students will learn about gravity and how it is connected to different types of energy.

We will learn about gravity by exploring.....

  • What gravity is

  • What causes gravity

  • The difference between weight, mass, and matter

  • How our weights on different planets change (even though our mass stays the same)

  • What potential and kinetic energy is

  • Kinetic and potential energy through lab experiments

Unit #2   Work

In this unit, the students will learn the scientific definition of WORK (force x distance).

We will learn about work by exploring.....

  • What a force is (a push or pull)

  • What causes things to stop (gravity and friction)

  • Friction through our Puff Mobile lab

  • How much force is needed to lift objects by using spring scales

  • How force is needed to do work

Unit #3 Electricity

In this unit, the students will learn about electricity and its connection to magnets.

We will learn about electricity by exploring.....

  • How we can use only a battery, paper clip, and a flash light light bulb to produce light

  • parts of an atom

  • What static electricity is

  • What current electricity is

  • How a battery works

  • How a light bulb works

  • Conductors and insulators

  • What a closed and open circuit is

  • How to construct our own parallel and series circuit

  • How it transforms into heat, light, movement, and more